Communicable diseases form the main bulk of healthcare problems in Balochistan. Unhealthy life style and prevailing poverty coupled with lack of awareness has accentuated the disastrous effects of communicable disease, which directly affects the economic and social development of society. Control of communicable disease has been suffering due to an overall weak system, deficient training of human resource, and non-availability of the right person on the right job.
The objective of reforms in this important area of healthcare is to take such actions which would directly and indirectly result in controlling the spread of the communicable diseases, and making the system addressing the problems of disease control, while transforming existing machinery into an efficient system to ensure control of communicable disease and prevent wastage and under-utilization of resources. The common communicable diseases affecting and disrupting livelihood activity in Balochistan include:
Malaria, Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), Ringworm, Chicken Pox, Rubella, Scabies, Measles, Tuberculosis, Leshmanis disease. The drought of 1999 – 2001 contr ibuted to the incidence of Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF). Th e disease was first noticed in September 2000 in Loralai district of the province. Several people have succumbed to it.