Balochistan is beset with a long list of natural and human induced hazards that threaten to effect the lives and livelihoods of its citizens, natural hazards including floods, earthquakes, cyclones, Tsunami and drought to human induced disasters such as fires, civil unrest, terrorism, refugees, health epidemics an d transport accidents. This has severe repercussions on Balochistan’s sustainable development process. The increased de mand for suitable human settlements, food, land and fuel wood following increasing population, has resulted in clearing of the natural vegetation cover and consequently the depletion of native species of plants and animals has negative impacts in the long run if left unchecked. Ground water is getting depleted because of unsustainable use of tube wells.
Pakistan contributes very little to the overall Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, but remains severely impacted by the negative effects of climate change by the following ways:
- Glacier melt in the Himalayas is projected to increase flooding will affect water resources within the next two to three decades. This will be followed by decreased river flows over time as glaciers recede.
- Freshwater availability is also projected to decrease which will lead to biodiversity loss and reduce availability of freshwater for the population.
- Coastal areas bordering the Arabian Sea in the south of Pakistan will be at greatest risk due to increased flooding from the sea and in some cases, the rivers.